They will grow as shrubs, or vines, or even low ground covers. Alice’) This low-growing variety can easily be kept … (See references). Such is not the case, however, with "bougainvillea," where, as mentioned above, the botanical name doubles as a common name. Bongabilya (Tag.) Bougainvillea 'Rosenka' - An evergreen shrub that can reach to 3-4+ feet tall by 4-6 feet wide but can be kept much lower with trimming. Alice' (Bougainvillea ‘Ms. Bougainvillea plants are native to Brazil. Snails & Slugs. And yet, there's a grand story about how it was discovered, it may contribute to medical progress and if you have access to them, try saving the bracts to toss at your next celebration. Thanks. Photo Credit: Weidners’ Gardens. She is first woman known to have circumnavigated the globe. Mao Bao Jin, Jiu Chong Ge, San Jiao Hua, Ye Zi Hua. Baret and Commerson left the expedition in Mauritius, where he died in 1773. When using it as a common name, I do not capitalize. Origin: “Variegata” is a cultivar. They have spines which help them climb but that can be hard on gardeners. Kobayashi, K. D., J. McConnell and J. Griffis. Family: Nyctaginaceae. 2009. If you wish to treat them as shrubs, prune them to keep them compact and do not provide them with anything to climb up. Great bougainvillea (Engl.) Jeanne Baret's story is told in Glynis Ridley's recent book. Powered by, The colorful flowering displays that make bougainvilleas so popular are not actually bright-colored flowers but bracts, modified leaves, that surround the tubular white or cream-colored flowers. What appears to be the flower on bougainvillea plants is actually a foliar structure referred to as a "bract." Thanks for your article, great info on the hard-to-find thorough history and spread of this plant. The usual recommendation for fertilizing is every other week (during the summer). Outdoors, bougainvillea can experience a few pests, most notably bougainvillea looper caterpillar, which feeds on the leaves of the plant. boo-gun-VEEL-ee-uh GLAY-bruh. Family: Because she was n… Description. They are drought-, salt- and wind-resistant, but require temperatures higher than 60 F and hours of full sun. Common Name: Bougainvillea glabra Watering Requirements: Dry Light Requirements: Part Sun Bonsai Available in: 5" pots , 6" pots , 7" pots & 8" pots. Distribution and habitat: Bougainvillea glabra is an evergreen, climbing shrub with thorny stems. The Plant List includes a further 22 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Bougainvillea.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Indigenous to South America, bougainvillea vines grow best in USDA planting zones 9-11. A botanist sailing with Bougainville discovered bougainvillea plants when their ship put in along the coast of Brazil. It is so commonly grown that one quickly stops noticing it, despite the brilliant colors. online at, Adebayo, G. I, O. T. Alabi, B. V. Owoyele and A. O. Soladoye. I'm a retired landscape contractor, now a freelance writer for a gardening site. Scientific Name: Bougainvillea spectabilis. Cohen, J. Scientific names: Common names: Bougainvillea bracteata Pers. Bougainvillea Spectabilis. Bougainvillea. There are at least six legitimate ways to pronounce "bougainvillea." The foliage of these tropical flowers is usually evergreen in warm climates, but their leaves will sometimes drop if watering has been insufficient. Botanical Name. In 2012 Dr. Eric Tepe of the University of Utah and University of Cincinatti named a plant for Baret. Prune the vines after they have finished blooming. Bougainvillea glabra is native to Brazil. Bougs are my favorite. It is a member of the Nyctaginaceae family with close relatives being the four o’clock and the sand … For example, it is dried and sold for confetti by The East African Petal Company: Bougainvillea is a tropical garden plant that is easy for visitors new to the tropics to learn to recognize. Common name Bougainvillea Botanical name Bougainvillea Group Evergreen climber Flowering time Summer to autumn Planting time Spring Height and spread 4-8m (13-26ft) height and 1-1.5m (3-5ft) spread Aspect Bright light with protection in mid-summer Hardiness Half hardy (required heated glasshouse; may be grown … I live in zone 5 and have seen them for sale here in hanging baskets (a backyard fence festooned on the inside with such hanging baskets could suggest a Mediterranean look, with a little help). This is anything but an all-inclusive list, but it gives the reader some idea of the variety of colors and what is available. Love your piece, thank you.Is California the first known location of Bougainvillea in the U.S.? Native to Brazil, this species has been extensively introduced into tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Drought tolerant once established. Some sources list it as mildly toxic, so either don't take a medicine you don't need or varieties vary, or both. Before being found by Baret, the people of the Amazon region used bougainvillea as a medicinal herb. Tiny white flowers usually appear … In 1766 the French government commissioned him to sail around the world, finding new territories for France. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Bougainvillea "Miss Alice" is known by many names, including "Singapore White," "Mauna Kea White" and ‘Moonlight." paperflower. Chinese Name. Josepha augusta Vell. Bougainvillea speciosa Schnizl. How to grow and maintain Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra): Light: Paperflower plant prefers to grow in Full sun. Bougainvillea 'Royal Purple' - Royal Purple Bougainvillea Rapid-growing, spreading, broadleaf, evergreen vine Height 10' 20 ' Prefers full sun Hardy to about 32°F Purple blooms through warm months Drought tolerant once established. I cannot find anything. Since being planted worldwide, it has become part of diverse folk medicines. Bougainvillea virescens Choisy. When confusion exists over how to pronounce the scientific names of plants, we can usually take refuge in the spiffier common names. The first European to describe these plants was Philibert Commerçon, a botanist accompanying French Navy admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville during his voyage of circumnavigation of the Earth, and first published by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789. In fact, if unsupported, they may just sprawl across the ground in some cases and function as a groundcover. Bougainvillea 'After Glow' (left photo htop) Bougainvillea 'Alexandra' (center photo kniphofia) Bougainvillea 'Bambino Baby … My favorite use of bougainvillea, however, is as confetti. Bougainvillea (Engl.) Garden Guides. Great Bougainvillea. I will continue to look! Bougainvillea glabra. Recent studies seem to support that it contains a compound with insulin-like properties. Annual tip pruning will keep them more compact. If you searc… Although relatively a drought-resistant plants, bougainvillea vines will perform better if watered sufficiently, especially in terms of blooming. Lesser Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) has distinctly 5-angled (pentagonal) floral tubes and short floral bracts and is distinguished from Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) which has rounded floral tubes and longer floral bracts but they are otherwise very similar. It is possible that the first European to observe these plants was Jeanne Baret, Commerçon's lover and assistant, who was an expert in botany. Bougainvillea brachycarpa Heimerl. Bougainvillea glabra is an evergreen climbing plant with thorny stems, native to South America. Tales of a lover of plants, history and travel. 'Ms. Nothing I have talks about when Bougainvillea came to different parts of the U.S. The epithet 'glabra' comes from Latin and … Those who live in cold climates may treat the vines as annuals or bring them indoors during the cold weather and keep them as houseplants until summer returns. In fact, they can easily be trained to grow as shrubs (see below). "Bougainvillea" doubles as a botanical name (genus name) in plant taxonomy and as a common name. Hindi Name. Symbol: BOGL4. Bougainvillea glabra Common Name. Botanically, the plants are classified as woody vines, although they often behave more like shrubs. Bougainville was a famous lawyer, mathematician, and explorer from Canada. The first syllable can be pronounced either with a U sound or an O sound. It’s important to note that many people misspell the name of the plant so they refer to it as bouganvilla. The bracts come in colors from red and purple to pink, orange, yellow and white (see. However, these vines often need help in climbing, so provide a trellis or train them via espalier. Common names in Spanish: Buganvilla, Bugambilea, Napoleón , Veranera, Trinitaria , Santa Rita, and Papelillo. Common Name: Bougainvillea white and pink variegated bangalore flower show 2015 Vines will often blossom most profusely if grown in full sun; however, they will tolerate light shade (and may even crave it in especially hot climates). For bougainvillea, Aggie Horticultu,,,,, Visiting New Zealand--Exotic and Familiar, Plant Story--Snowdrops, Leading the Spring Flowers, Visiting Hawaii--The Ever-Changing Big Island, Plant Story--Bougainvillea, from Brazil to the World, White flowers surrounded by magenta bracts, Bougainvillea in the garden of the Alhambra, Granada, Spain. Sprawling shrub or climbing vine, prune to size and shape The actual flower is small and insignificant, it is the colorful bracts, or modified leaves, which can be seen in all shades of pink, purple, and red that attract attention. Show Tabs. In Britain it’s grown as a houseplant, typically in sunny, humid conservatories and greenhouses, where conditions mimic those of its native subtropical habitat. Common Names: Bougainvillea, lesser bougainvillea or Paperflower. It usually grows 3-4m (10–12feet) tall, occasionally up to 9m (30 feet). Bougainvillea … These are primarily included because names … Since Europeans discovered bougainvilleas in the late 1700s, they have been planted all around the tropical world. Common name: Paper Flower, Paperflower, Lesser Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea. Very good information about the discovery of bougainvillea and its true history. Product Details: Smaller, more elliptic leaves with pale purple bracts. He found this colorful vining plant and he named it after his captain and friend, Louis A. the Bougainville. These vines can attain a height and spread of 15-40 feet and contain thorns. Medicinal uses certainly add a neat dimension to a plant I thought had only of ornamental value. The flower, technically, is much smaller and not nearly as eye-catching (it is off-white to yellow in color). General Information: Bougainvillea, named for a French navigator, is a native of South America and is grown extensively in the warmer climates of the United States. Bougainvillea is often grown as an annual or container plant. Bougainvillea brasiliensis Raeusch. Common Name: Paper Flower. Make sure you do not overwater them if you are growing them indoors for the winter. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Botanical name: Bougainvillea glabra Family: Nyctaginaceae (Bougainvillea family) Named after Louis de Bougainvillea, a French navigator who came across it in Brazil during the 18th century, Bougainvillea has gained popularity all over the world, due to its versatility, richness and suitability to thrive in degrading environmental … Poinsettias, another tropical, similarly depend on bracts for their appeal. Bougainvillea pomacea Choisy. Bougainvillea is best suited to a hot, dry climate and … I'm curious about how and when bougainvillea was introduced to Mexico? The Spruce / Letícia Almeida "Bougainvillea" doubles as a botanical name (genus name) in plant taxonomy and as a common name. Bougainvillea Spectabilis. Group: Dicot. 2012 First woman to circle the globe honored at last. Bougainvillea virescens Choisy: Paper flower (Engl.) Full sun exposure is essential for bougainvillea … English Name. Called a “flowering machine” by some, the bougainvillea species (Bougainvillea glabra) are vining shrubs, regular vines or small trees that grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 9b to 11. This says first to Florida from Hawaii, and the references may give you more info. In addition, it has long been used for upper respiratory complaints.   Accessed Dec. 25, 2015. Encinitas, California, Jeffrey … I suppose the name of his superior officer was deemed as good a name as any by which to call the vine. In fact, bougainvilleas are the official flowers of : three cities in California, four cities in Guangdong China, one city in the Philipines, and one city in Okinawa; a county in Taiwan, a state in Malaysia, and a province in the Philippines, and of the islands of Grenada and Guam--to name those I know of (list in. They will perform better in a soil with plenty of humus and a soil pH that is acidic. Flowering branches Photograph by: tr:Kullan?c? Simple theme. 2007. Below are some of the more common hybrids in cultivation. Booganbel. Statistics. Quebec had the highest population of Bougainville … 6 Best Perennial Flowering Vines and Climbers, Best Vines to Grow on Pergolas and Arbors, 10 Great Jasmine Shrubs and Vines for Your Landscape, 10 Messy Plants You Don't Want Near the Pool, How to Grow Canary Creeper Flowering Vine, 10 Best Annual Flowering Vines for Your Garden, Why You Should Grow Dutchman's Pipe Vines, Scientific Names of Plants, Listed Alphabetically, The 10 Best-Smelling Plants for Your Garden, 5 Facts About Poinsettias That May Surprise You. Grow them in a well-drained soil. The Bougainville family name was found in Canada in 1911. Admiral Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville, was a French soldier and sailor. Can you share what you know about that? The name derives from Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811), a French navigator. Anti-diabetic properties of the aqueous leaf extract of, Folk Haven. Do you know anything about how it first came to Arizona? Bougainvillea spectabilis is an aggressive climbing vine or shrub growing >10 m high. Prefers full sun and moderate to regular water. Katemopoulos, K. Bougainvillea Plant History. As usual, there is more to the plant than meets the eye. For instance, if you select the U sound for the first syllable, you can choose from among the following pronunciations: David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Plant Facts: Common Name: Bougainvillea Botanical Name: Bougainvillea Family: Nyctaginaceae Plant Type: Evergreen or Partly Deciduous sometimes thorny Climber Origin: Tropical and Sub-tropical South America Zones: 9 - 12, Sub-tropical -- withstands light frost or short cold spells down to 32 if kept fairly dry in winter, … Kathleen H. Keeler. General Information. Bougainvillea vines are often seen growing against walls (in foundation beds, for example) in hot climates, such as in the Mediterranean, in the Caribbean, or in Southern California. The name bougainvillea is based on the scientific name for the genus, Bougainvillea. Do not spare the pruners and spoil these aggressive vines: they enjoy a good pruning. Bougainvillea. Common Name: bougainvillea Type: Vine Family: Nyctaginaceae Zone: 9 to 11 Height: 15.00 to 40.00 feet Spread: 15.00 to 40.00 feet Bloom Time: Seasonal bloomer Bloom Description: Purple, red, pink and … Bougainvillea glabra need at least four hours of direct sunlight every day during the active growth period. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, ideal plants to grow around swimming pools. This comment has been removed by the author. Two of the better-known are: The latter are sometimes referred to by the common name, "paper flowers.". The leaves of some varieties are variegated (see photo). This was 100% of all the recorded Bougainville's in Canada. As noted above, "Bougainvillea" refers, technically, to a genus of vines, not to a specific vine. Botanically, the plants are classified as woody vines, although they often behave more like shrubs. Baret returned to France, where the government gave her a pension for the rest of her life. Herbal Cough Remedy: Bougainvillea tea, Posts on the web often repeat each other. French botanist Philibert Commerson discovered them in the 1760s. Flowering plant in Santiago, Cape Verde Photograph by: Xandu Public domain. Cooperative Extension Service, University of Hawai'i at Manoa. My photos are from Los Angeles, Granada Spain, southern Portugal, Hawaii and the Northern Territory of Australia, all places where bougainvilleas are not native but where they are grown and loved. However, when indoors, you may want to keep an eye out for mealybugs, a common indoor pest. Bougainvillea 'Rosenka' - Rosenka Bougainvillea Pretty colored flower bracts are gold in color when young and age to a rosy pink. In 1911 there were 2 Bougainville families living in Quebec. Bogambilya (Tag) Bougainvillea brasiliensis Raeusch. The bracts come in colors of red, pink, purple and yellow. :Tevfik1958 When using it as a common name, I do not capitalize. Bougainvillea glabra, the lesser bougainvillea or paperflower, is the most common species of bougainvillea used for bonsai. Botanical Family: Nyctaginaceae. Specialized fertilizers for them exist that go by names such as "Bougain," but I simply apply a balanced fertilizer. Flowering plant in Santiago, Cape Verde Photograph by: Xandu Public domain. This variety can be kept as a shrub if pruned regularly. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Bougainvillea glabra Choisy. Mealybugs appear most often on the stems and leaves of a plant, identifiable by the fuzzy, … You can see how Bougainville families moved over time by selecting different census years. Even after you have decided how to pronounce the first syllable, there are still three acceptable variations in how to pronounce "bougainvillea." The Plant List includes 33 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Bougainvillea.Of these 18 are accepted species names. It has medium green leaves that have a warm bronze cast to the new growth and very colorful bracts that turn from gold to pink as they mature surrounding the small white flowers. There are many species within the genus. Other Common Name: Pokok bunga kertas, Bougenville. Some like the look of bougainvillea growing in containers around pools (they do create that desirable Mediterranean villa look), but their thorns make them less than ideal plants to grow around swimming pools (in heavily trafficked areas, at least).
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