Its origin is uncertain:, but may come from 'caesaries' meaning hair, or 'caesius' meaning 'bluish-grey, or 'caedere' meaning to cut, perhaps referring to his birth by Caesarean section; Danish: Male Long hair On 1 March 293, Diocletian established the Tetrarchy, a system of rule by two senior Emperors and two junior sub-Emperors. Written in 121 AD, Suetonius’ The 12 Caesars, takes Julius Caesar as his first subject – Caesar’s enormous legacy was quickly established.By crossing the Rubicon, (the river that marked Italy’s northern boundary with Gaul) – an action that itself has become a phrase – in 49 BC, Caesar had put himself at odds with the senate, broken Roman law and signalled the start of the civil war with Pompey that would see him ri… After Julian's revolt of 361, the title Caesar fell out of imperial fashion for some time, with emperors preferring simply to elevate their sons directly to the post of Augustus, as with Gratian. In Latin Baby Names the meaning of the name Caesar is: The family name of Roman dictator Gaius Julias Caesar. [1], Caesar m (genitive Caesaren, plural Caesaren). Pseudo-Kodinos further records that the Caesar was equal in precedence to the panhypersebastos, another creation of Alexios I, but that Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos (r. 1259–1282) had raised his nephew Michael Tarchaneiotes to the rank of protovestiarios and decreed that to come after the Caesar; while under Andronikos II Palaiologos (r. 1282–1328) the megas domestikos was raised to the same eminence, when it was awarded to the future emperor John VI Kantakouzenos (r. Julius himself, however, endorsed a meaning where it came from a Punic word meaning elephant. [2] The title was awarded to the brother of Empress Maria of Alania, George II of Georgia in 1081. [6][7]In the Middle East, the Persians and the Arabs continued to refer to the Roman and Byzantine emperors as "Caesar" (in Persian: قیصر روم‎ Qaysar-i Rum, "Caesar of the Romans", from Middle Persian kēsar). From the Sanskrit caesaries, thick head of hair. The meaning of Caesar is "Hairy".Its origin is "Latin".Caesar is a form of Ceasar and is generally pronounced like "SEE zer". Hence the title was more frequently awarded to second- and third-born sons, or to close and influential relatives of the Emperor: thus for example Alexios Mosele was the son-in-law of Theophilos (ruled 829–842), Bardas was the uncle and chief minister of Michael III (r. 842–867), while Nikephoros II (r. 963–969) awarded the title to his father, Bardas Phokas. An ancient Roman family name, notably that of Gaius Iulius Caesar. The cognomen Caesar. This etymology was endorsed by Julius Caesar himself, thereby following the claims of his family that they inherited the cognomen from a… By this point the status of "Caesar" had been regularised into that of a title given to the Emperor-designate (occasionally also with the honorific title Princeps Iuventutis, "Prince of Youth") and retained by him upon accession to the throne (e.g., Marcus Ulpius Traianus became Marcus Cocceius Nerva's designated heir as Caesar Nerva Traianus in October 97 and acceded on 28 January 98 as "Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus"). ... reread, develop the habit of reading Latin as Latin and acquiring meaning without using English. Among these are: Caesar m (genitive Caesaris); third declension, Third-declension .inflection-table-la .corner-header,.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .number-header,.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .case-header{font-style:italic}.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .corner-header,.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .number-header{background-color:#549EA0}.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .case-header{background-color:#40E0D0}.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .form-cell{background-color:#F8F8FF}, Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, let it be clearly understood that we are dealing with Life solely in its geological aspects. Otho did not at first use the title "Caesar" and occasionally used the title "Nero" as emperor, but later adopted the title "Caesar" as well. "Caesar" is the title officially used by the Sasanid Persian to refer to the Roman and Byzantine emperors. Find out more about the name Caesar at Nikephoros Bryennios, named by his father-in-law Alexios I Komnenos, Isaac Komnenos, named by his father Alexios I Komnenos (according to Ioannes Zonaras), This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 21:46. Galba's reign did not last long and he was soon deposed by Marcus Otho. 1 Terms 1.1 Titles and ranks 1.2 Military Divisions 2 References Aeternit imperi: … In the event, Constantine would be succeeded only by his three sons, with Dalmatius dying in the summer of 337 in similarly murky circumstances. His successor as emperor, his stepson Tiberius, also bore the name as a matter of course; born Tiberius Claudius Nero, he was adopted by Caesar Augustus on 26 June 4 AD, as "Tiberius Julius Caesar". Caesar (Latin: [ˈkae̯.sar]English pl. Folk etymology In the Palaiologan period, it was held by prominent nobles like Alexios Strategopoulos, but from the 14th century, it was mostly awarded to rulers of the Balkans such as the princes of Vlachia, Serbia and Thessaly. Caesar means 'to be hairy or head of hair or long hair'. The exam expects you to read not just these passages, but also the rest of Books I, VI, and VII of Caesar's Commentaries in English. [citation needed], However certain languages, especially Romance languages, also commonly use a "modernized" word (e.g., César in French) for the name, both referring to the Roman cognomen and modern use as a first name, and even to render the title Caesar, sometimes again extended to the derived imperial titles above. The history of "Caesar" as an imperial title is reflected by the following monarchic titles, usually reserved for "emperor" and "empress" in many languages (note that the name Caesar, pronounced /siːzər/ in English, was pronounced [kaisar] in Classical Latin): In various Romance and other languages, the imperial title was based on the Latin Imperator (a military mandate or a victory title), but Caesar or a derivation is still used for both the name and the minor ranks (still perceived as Latin). The name Caesar is a boy's name of Latin origin meaning "long-haired".. Caesar, the name of the greatest Roman of them all, is rarely used outside Latino families, where the Cesar spelling is preferred--as in activist Chavez and Dog Whisperer Millan. Otho was then defeated by Aulus Vitellius, who acceded with the name "Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Imperator Augustus". In the case of Constantine, this meant that by the time he died, he had four Caesars: Constantius II, Constantine II, Constans and his nephew Dalmatius, with his eldest son Crispus having been executed in mysterious circumstances earlier in his reign. The same title would also be used in the Gallic Empire, which operated autonomously from the rest of the Roman Empire from 260 to 274, with the final Gallic emperor Tetricus I appointing his heir Tetricus II Caesar and his consular colleague for 274. It was not used as a title for kings as it did not reach the language till the late 19th century and was not widely known till the 20th century. From Proto-Slavic *cěsařь, from a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *kaisaraz, from Latin Caesar. This name is mostly being used as a boys name. [1][2] An exceptional case was the conferment of the dignity and its insignia to the Bulgarian khan Tervel by Justinian II (r. 685–695, 705–711) who had helped him regain his throne in 705. View a Random NameRandom. Forms and Transliterations. Back to “A” NamesBack. [13] The Ottomans would lose their political superiority to Holy Roman Empire in the Treaty of Sitvatorok in 1606 and to the Russians in the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca in 1774. From a Roman cognomen that possibly meant "hairy", from Latin caesaries "hair". One of our lesser-known Latin expressions, utile dulci shares etymological space with a number of pleasing English words, including addulce ("to mollify"), dulcet ("luscious, melodious"), and the criminally underused dulcitude ("sweetness"). English words for Caesar include emperor, Casanova, cascade, detached and hitter. The etymology of the name Caesar is still unknown and was subject to many interpretations even in antiquity. 2. It can be used in a conventional classroom setting or by students working independently. Utile dulci comes from the poet Horace, who in Ars Poetica, offered the … According to the Klētorologion of 899, the Byzantine Caesar's insignia were a crown without a cross, and the ceremony of a Caesar's creation (in this case dating to Constantine V), is included in De Ceremoniis I.43. [citation needed], There have been other cases of a noun proper being turned into a title, such as Charlemagne's Latin name, including the epithet, Carolus (magnus), becoming Slavonic titles rendered as King: Kralj (Serbo-Croatian), Král (Czech) and Król (Polish), etc. The sole Caesar to successfully obtain the rank of Augustus and rule for some time in his own right was Gordian III, and even he was heavily controlled by his court. More info about the name "Caesar" Caesar is the variant of the Latin name Cesar. See more. 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Translation of the name Caesar first recorded in the first book translated to Yoruba, the bible. An ancient Roman family name, notably that of Gaius Iulius Caesar. Learn Caesar in English translation and other related translations from Latin to English. Meaning Cutting, Piercing, Penetrating Elephant(-slayer) Whopping Coiffure Etymology From the verb caesa, to cut (hence C-section), or its adjective caesius, cutting or piercing (of eyes, or one's stare). Claudius in turn adopted his stepson and grand-nephew Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, giving him the name "Caesar" in the traditional way; his stepson would rule as the Emperor Nero. The title of Caesar remained in use throughout the Constantinian period, with both Constantine I and his co-emperor and rival Licinius utilising it to mark their heirs. We appeal unto, It is the story of churches that split apart over this issue and of ministers finding ways to justify the return of slaves because they were under the aegis of the laws of, standard; used naturally in western Germany and Switzerland, overall more common; particularly northern and eastern regions, Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700,, Latin terms with Ecclesiastical IPA pronunciation, Latin masculine nouns in the third declension, Reference templates lacking the author or editor parameters, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones/pal, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones/xpr, German nouns with red links in their declension tables, Requests for native script for Sogdian terms, Reference templates lacking the title parameter, Reference templates lacking the date or year parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An ancient Roman family name, notably that of.
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